USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) was formed in 1922 by Vladimir Lenin after the Russian Civil War. The word soviet is a Russian word and as a noun means council and as an adjective, means parliamentary. After Lenin died in 1924, Joseph Stalin led the Communist Party from 1927 – 1953. The Russian Republic was the largest country in the USSR but was joined by 10 other Slavic nations and three Baltic States were added after 1940.
Who was Gorbachev? (Image Source)
In 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev became the General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party and then president of the USSR in 1989. He began his career as a lawyer and was the youngest (at the age of 54) to take control of the USSR since Stalin. He promoted openness and reconstruction of the economy and led by popularity rather than force. From 1985 -1989, Gorbachev engaged in discussions with President Ronald Regan to decrease nuclear proliferation. He was rewarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 for his efforts to end the Cold War.
Rising discontent in the republics led to riots that broke out in Kazakhstan and Armenia in 1986-1987. In the Baltic States, nationalism was on the rise. In November 1988, Estonia declared sovereignty, which was followed by Lithuania and six others in 1989. The USSR unsuccessfully tried to crack down on these independent movements. The nations of Eastern Europe that had been annexed by the USSR after WWII began to resent Soviet control. An anti-communist broke out in Poland in 1989, which overthrew its Communist part within months and set up a new government. Freedom demonstrations similar to Poland broke out in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria. The East German Communist Party lost most of its power when the Berlin Wall opened on November 9, 1989. The Soviet Union began to break up and even Russia declared succession from the USSR. The USSR was officially dissolved on December 8, 1991.
Due to the poor condition of the economy when Gorbachev took office, he promoted change through openness and restructuring which actually further weakened the USSR. In 1987, he unpopularity proposed free elections within the Communist Party. Gorbachev had built a spirit of openness image internationally which would have been undermined if he had used excessive force to crush the rebellion in the other communist countries.
Other Resources: World History Homework p.90, 109; Story of the World Vol. 4 Ch. 40 &41 pp.445-462, Mystery of History V.4 L. 79
3 characteristics of light
Refraction – occurs because light changes direction and speed when it moves from one medium to another. When a straw is in water, the part of the straw below the water looks different from the part above it.
Spectrum (Image Source) – when white light is passed through glass such as a prism, it is refracted into a wider band of light. The colors of the light travel at different speeds, therefore, they disperse in different directions.
(week 22 starts at 8 minutes and 1 second)
Other Resources: Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework p.114-116, Apologia Chemistry and Physics; Classical Science Elementary Physical Science Unit 10
(week 22 starts at 3 minutes and 40 seconds)
Coordinating Conjunctions Fanboys
(week 22 starts at 9 minutes and 15 seconds & 10 minutes and 16 seconds)
1st Conjugation Endings Pluperfect Tense (same as week 9, 10, 21, & 22)
(week 22 starts at 1 minute 32 seconds)
Central / South America
(week 22 starts at 5 minutes and 00 seconds)
Orchestra & Composers
When it comes to Fine Arts the best resource out there is Half a Hundred Acre Wood! She has an entire post dedicated to Orchestra and Composers for weeks 19-24 and with tons of great resources. These resources include free lap book pages, free printable, music, links for additional resources, and much, much more! Be sure to scroll down the page for the resource you want. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.