An absolute monarch is a government that rules with absolute power. It has no limitation or restrictions by law.
Henry VIII became king of England in 1509. He married six times out of desperation to produce a male heir. In 1531, he broke away from the Catholic Church because they denied an annulment from his marriage to his brother’s widow, which began the English Reformation. Henry died a few years after marrying his last wife leaving one son and two daughters.
Louis XIV was the king of France from 1643 to 1715. He was known as the Sun King due to his lavishness. He built a lavish palace in Versailles, infrastructure, military, and technology projects. Louis was not kind to his people and taxed them heavily. He did not tax the clergy (first estate) or the nobles (second estate), the craftsmen and peasants (third estate) bore the entire financial burden. This laid the way for the French Revolution that would take place in the life of his grandson, Louis XVI.
Philip II ruled Spain from 1556 to 1598. He also became king of the Netherlands and Portugal, and tried to claim the throne of France. Philip controlled all decisions regarding the Spanish government. Due to his expensive wars and projects he went bankrupt three times. In 1588 Philip suffered a great defeat by England’s navy under Queen Elizabeth.
Peter the Great was Czar of Russia from 1682 to 1725. He wanted to transform Russia’s peasant society into a political and military power. He fought two great wars with Sweden and Turkey. He also founded the capital of St. Petersburg. Peter’s high taxes sparked revolts by his people. At the end of his life he had a bitter feud with his son, who fled the country in 1716, and was brought back and sentenced to death for treason.
Frederick II was emperor of Persia (now Germany) from 1740 to 1785. His reign was dominated by war and was very successful. He earned the name Frederick the Great after his victory over Austria in 1741. Frederick died at the age of 74 as a German hero.
Other Resources: World History Homework p.83, Story of the World Vol. 2 Ch. 34 pp.313-317 Vol. 3 Ch. 1, 13, 14, & 17 pp. 15-22, 128-138, 165-173, Mystery of History V.3 L. 26, 72, & 83
Names of the Planets (starts at 55 seconds)
Other Resources: Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework p.85-90; Apologia Astronomy; Draw moon phases each night for 6 weeks
Interrogative Pronouns (starts at 3 minutes 10 seconds)
1st Conjugation Endings Pluperfect Tense (starts at 1 minute 32 seconds)
Timeline (video starts at 3 minute and 41 seconds)
Tin Whistle & Music Theory
We’re not doing the tin whistle this year, so I have to turn this part of my post over to a mom who is doing it, and doing it well! I’m so thankful for the amazing resources and wisdom from Half a Hundred Acre Wood. She has an entire post dedicated to the tin whistle for weeks 7-12 and with tons of great resources. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.