Bartholomeu Dias was a Portuguese sailor who led trading voyages down the western coast of Africa. During a storm in 1488, Dias ship was blown to Africa’s southern tip around the Cape of Good Hope paving a new route to the Indian Ocean and ultimately to the Indies. In 1500 Dias died in a shipwreck off of the coast of Brazil.
Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian sailor who is known for sailing to South America in 1501. Vespucci developed a better system for mapping longitude and his description of the Americas were important to later explorers. The Americas were named for him in 1507. He died from malaria in 1512.
Vasco Nunez de Blaboa was a Spanish sailor who, in 1509, was in charge of a new colony near Isthmus of Panama. He is known for making friends with the local Indians and for leading an expedition over the mountains where he saw the Pacific Ocean from the top of a mountain on September 25, 1513. The Pacific Ocean was significant for that time because it was the other side of the ocean from which his colony arrived. Balboa was beheaded in 1517 on suspicion of planning to replace the Spanish kings rule of the colonies.
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who found the Straits of Magellan in South America and sailed through to the Pacific Ocean. This was a new westward route to the Spice Islands in the Indies. On this voyage, which started in 1520, Magellan landed in Guam in March 1521. While fighting with the Philippines, he was killed on April 27th. One ship did make it to the Indies after a few sailors escaped Guam, survived a shipwreck and imprisonment from the Portuguese, on September 1521. This marked successfully circumnavigating the globe.
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado was a secretary to Antonio de Mendoza, viceroy of New Spain in Mexico. In 1540, he went on an expedition to find the Seven Cities of Gold, modern day American Southwest. Ultimately, Coronado’s expedition was unsuccessful but he did explore as far north as the Great Plains. On his return to Mexico in 1541, Coronado was thrown from his horse, suffering from severe injuries, and died three years later.
Other Resources: World History Homework p.81-82, Story of the World Vol. 2 Ch. 31, 40-41 pp.281-289, 361-378, Mystery of History V.3 L. 5, 20 & 33
Parts of the Sun
Radiative Zone – The Radiative Zone is the energy transmitted by radiation through a specific zone.
Convective Zone – After the Radiative zone the energy is then transmitted through the convection zone through convection.
Sunspots – Dark patches of cooler gas on the photosphere
Photosphere – The visible surface of the sun.
Solar Flare – The reaction of two sunspots with opposite magnetic poles that react to each other and cause sudden flashes called Solar Flares.
Corona – After energy is transmitted throught the Radiative and Convection Zones it will reach the Corona, which is the suns transparent atmosphere.
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Other Resources: Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework p.83-84; Apologia Astronomy; Draw moon phases each night for 6 weeks
1st Conjugation Endings Present Perfect Tense (starts at 1min 18sec)
Timeline (video starts at 3 minute and 08 seconds)
Tin Whistle & Music Theory
We’re not doing the tin whistle this year, so I have to turn this part of my post over to a mom who is doing it, and doing it well! I’m so thankful for the amazing resources and wisdom from Half a Hundred Acre Wood. She has an entire post dedicated to the tin whistle for weeks 7-12 and with tons of great resources. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.