The Hundred Years war was between England and France over English territory. The war began at the Battle of Sluys in the English Channel (first naval battle). England won the first battle and with the use of the longbow they had an advantage in the early year of the war. After the plague hit and destroyed a third of England’s population, the Treaty of Bretigny (1360) was formed which agreed that in exchange for King Edward III to abandon his claim to the French throne England received the territories of Aquitaine, Ponthieu, and Calais.
Under new kings, the Hundred Years War was renewed in 1415 with the English victory at Agincourt. The French later began to take the upper hand under the rule of Charles VII and leadership of Joan of Arc and the development of artillery. The French won the last battle of the Hundred Years war in 1453 at the Battle of Castillon.
The plague was a disease that was carried and spread by rats, fleas, and poor sanitation. It had a 90% mortality rate and was described as swollen lymph glands and an infection of the lungs (pneumonia). England was hit the hardest. The exact number of people who died can only be estimated due to the lack of consistent records of deaths and total population.
At the Battle of Orleans, the English laid siege to the cities of Orleans. They destroyed villages, pillaged, and looted the surrounding countryside. With the help of Joan of Arc, the siege was broken in 1429.
Joan of Arc’s real name was Jeanne d’Arc, she lived from 1412 to 1431. Joan was a French peasant who offered her aid to the French Dauphin due to a dream she had that the French Dauphin was crowned in what was then an English occupied France. Her dream gave Dauphin courage and inspired patriotism in the solders. Joan was referred to as the Maid of Orleans due to her part in fighting off the siege of Orleans in 1429. Joan was later captured by the English and burned to death under the accusation of witchcraft (the Dauphin did not protest).
Other Resources: World History Homework p.75-76, Story of the World Vol. 2 Ch. 25 & 26 pp. 227-243, Mystery of History V.2 L.75, 76, & 81
How animals react to environmental change.
Adapt – Animals change their actions or physical characteristics to survive. (camels)
Migrate – Animals will move to a place where conditions are better. (birds)
Hibernate – Animals who hibernate enter in a deep sleep that allows their body temperature to drop, and breathing and heart rate to slow down. This will allow the animal to survive by using less energy that it would normally need. (bears)
Other Resources: Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework p.38, 39; Classic Science Elementary Life Science Unit 5 Ch. 17 & 18
9 &10 timetables
Objective Pronouns (starts at 2 min 16 sec of video)
1st Conjugation Endings Future Tense
Timeline (video starts at 1 minute and 44 seconds)
Perspective is a technique used that will show a three dimensional world on a two dimension paper. It looks realistic and accurate, and is as we see it in nature. It is an illusion of space and depth on a flat surface.
Click here to be taken to halfahundredacrewood.com for a great explanation of perspective art. Scroll down to week 5 on her page!
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.