King John was the fourth son of Henry the II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He tried to claim the throne from his older brother, King Richard during the third crusade. Richard and John were later reconciled and on Richard’s deathbed he gave his throne to John. John was a cruel and unpopular king. During his reign, the empire began to decline and parts of it were taken from him during war. John died in 1216 from indigestion after an invasion of England. John’s death marked the end of the Angevin Empire. (does any of this sound like the Robin Hood legend??)
The Magna Carta was a set of laws that limited the power of the king and guaranteed the rights of free men. It gave more power to the people and the kings rule was no longer absolute. King John signed this on June 15, 1215 at the island of Runnymede in the Thames River. After he signed it, King John fled to the Isle of Wight and appealed to the pope, who declared the Magna Carta illegal. The Magna Carta later influenced England’s laws and the United States.
King Edward III became the king of England after his father Edward the II was forced by Parliament to abdicate. His mother, Isabella, was the daughter of King Phillip IV, who had no male heirs. Edward III claimed the throne of France because he had a closer tie to the royal line than Philip VI, the current king of France.
The Hundred Years’ War began in 1340 with the Battle of Sluys. This battle was the first naval battle in English history, which Edward III successfully secured the English Channel and shipping routes to Flanders. This battle was in response to France’s struggle to unite all of its territories on the continent.
Other Resources: World History Homework p.75, Story of the World Vol. 2 Ch. 19 pp. 177-185, Mystery of History V.2 L.66
Water Cycle – During the water cycle, water evaporates from the earth’s surface, condenses, and forms into clouds. After enough water is collected, it will fall to the earth in the form of rain or snow.
Carbon and Oxygen Cycle – During the Carbon and Oxygen Cycle, carbon is converted into oxygen and sugars through the process of photosynthesis. The sugars go through the process of the food chain, plants convert carbon dioxide into oxygen, and animals convert oxygen into carbon dioxide (breathing).
Nitrogen Cycle – During the Nitrogen Cycle, bacteria in the soil takes nitrogen from the atmosphere and converts it to ammonium, which is converted into nutrients by plants. When the plants and animals die that eat the nutrients, nitrogen is released back into the air where another type of bacteria converts it into atmospheric nitrogen.
Other Resources: Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework p.37; Classic Science Elementary Life Science Unit 2 Ch. 7 & 8
1st Conjugation Endings Imperfect Tense
Timeline (video starts at 1 minute and 16 seconds)
Abstract Art (image source)
Abstract Art is a painting or structure that does not represent a person, place, or thing in the natural world.
Click here to be taken to halfahundredacrewood.com for a great explanation of abstract art. Scroll down to week 4 on her page!
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.