Classical Conversations Cycle 1 Week 23


Treaty of TordesillasWhen did Spain take possession of most of South America?

Spain took possession of most South America in 1494 with the Treaty of Tordesillas. This treaty divided rights to Africa and the Americas between Portugal and Spain. Spain received most of South America.


What contributed to the successive liberation of South America from Spain?

Many factors lead to the successive liberation of South America from Spain. These factors included: influence of the American Revolution, French Revolution, and anger with Spain over heavy taxation. When Napoleon invaded Spain in 1808, this helped the colonies in South America separate from Spain, because Spain “no longer existed.”

Jose de San MartinWho was Jose de San Martin?

Jose de San Martin was born in 1778 in Argentina. San Martin led his people to win independence from Spain in 1816, and fought for independence in Chile in 1817, and Peru in 1821. San Martin was called “The George Washington of Argentina”, among other great names. He eventually retired in France and lived there until his death in 1850.


 Bernard O'HigginsWho was Bernard O’ Higgins?

Bernard O’ Higgins was born in Chile in 1778. He is known for fleeing to Argentina after his defeat in the Battle of Rancagua where he met Jose de San Martin. With O’ Higgins help, San Martin successfully lead an army in 1817 to expel the Spanish from Chile. In 1818, O’ Higgins was elected Supreme Dictator of Chile and then was later pressured to resign where he then fled to Peru and later died in 1842.

Simón BolívarWho was Simon Bolivar?

Simon Bolivar was born in Venezuela in 1783. He is known for capturing the capital of Venezuela in 1819 and also for liberating Colombia, Ecuador, and New Granada. In 1826 he helped San Martin liberate Peru. Bolivar became the President of the five countries, which was known as the Republic of Colombia, but due to the countries later leaving the republic he renounced his presidency. Bolivar made plans to retire in Europe, but died of tuberculosis before he was able to leave South America.


Other Resources: Story of the World Vol. 3, Ch. 34; The Usborne Internet-Linked Encyclopedia of World History p. 344-345; Everything You Need to Know About World History Homework pp. 70-71


Types of Clouds

Cumulonimbus CloudCumulonimbus – Dense, towering, vertical cloud. The upward current of the cloud forms water vapors. These clouds are associated with storms such as rain, lightening, hail, etc.



Cirrus CloudCirrus – Cloud formed in the shape of thin, wispy strands. They are formed by water vapor undergoing deposition (gas transforming into a solid) at altitudes above 16,500 ft in temperate regions and above 20,000 ft in tropical regions.



Stratus CloudStratus – Horizontal layering cloud with a uniform base. These are above ground fog that can produce a light drizzle or snow.




Cumulus CloudCumulus – Vertical clouds that have well developed edges and are low lying.  These clouds can be described as white, fluffy clouds.




Stratocumulus CloudStratocumulus – Large, dark, round masses of clouds. These are usually found in groups.





Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework pp. 76-78


Distributive Law

Video starts at 4 minutes and 03 seconds



Linking Verb (week 23 starts at 15 seconds)



5th Declension starts at 2 minute and 01 seconds



South America (West)

South America West



Other resources: Story of the World Vol. 4, p. 102, 372

Fine Arts

Orchestra & Composers

When it comes to Fine Arts the best resource out there is Half a Hundred Acre Wood! She has an entire post dedicated to Orchestra and Composers for weeks 19-24 and with tons of great resources. These resources include free lap book pages, free printable, music, links for additional resources, and much, much more! Be sure to scroll down the page for the resource you want. Click here to be taken there! 🙂

Timeline (week 23 starts at 5 minute and 29 seconds)

History Timeline Song Video with Music Only – Classical Conversations from Eneldo on Vimeo.


Click here for a great correlating booklist  created by The list is broken down for each CC subject.

Click here for another great reading list created by

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