The Aztecs lived in the inland portion of Mexico. They regulated trade and exacted taxes from outer parts of their empire. The Aztecs made art, gold, and jewels. They also developed a calendar, a method of salt harvesting, aqueducts, and games. Human sacrifices were a big part of their religion, which they did in their temples that were built on top of pyramids.
Hernan Cortes was born in Spain in 1485. At the age of 19, he booked his first successful voyage to the Indies, that was followed by a second to Cuba. He was chosen to lead a third voyage to Mexico, where he used force and incentives to obtain gold and convert the natives to Christianity. Cortes eventually defeated the Aztec empire and claimed the territory for Spain.
Montezuma was a priest of the Aztec war god Huitzilopochtli and eventually became king of the Aztec empire. During the Spaniards occupation of Mexico City, Montezuma lived with them for several months. In 1520, when conflict broke out, Montezuma came out to speak to his people and was hit in the head by a stone, which killed him.
How did Cortes defeat Montezuma?
The horses that the Spaniards brought from Cuba gave them a great advantage in the battles because they could ride faster than the scouts could run. After victories along the coast, Cortes moved inland. Cortes won allegiance from the tribes who were enemies of the Aztecs by promising them freedom. Smallpox spread across Mexico, weakening the Aztecs, which gave the advantage to the Spaniards and lead to their final defeat in 1521.
What influence did Aztec civilization have on modern Mexican culture?
The Aztecs cultivated corn, beans, and many other agricultural products that are now still central to Mexican life. The Spaniards influenced the Aztecs with their Spanish law and Catholic faith, which is still part of the Mexican culture.
Other Resources: Story of the World V. 2, Ch. 33 pp.305-308; Everything You Need to Know About World History Homework pp.55-60
Science (image source)
Magma – Molten rock beneath the Earth’s surface.
Vents – An opening in the Earth’s surface through which volcanic materials escape.
Lava – Molten rock that erupts from a volcano that solidifies as it cools.
Crater – Mouth of a volcano that surrounds a volcanic vent.
Gases – Trapped gasses released by volcanic activity.
How to make your own erupting volcano at home!
Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework pp. 58, 59
Area of a Square (starts at 20 seconds)
Helping Verb (week 17 starts at 27 seconds)
2nd Declension starts at 38 seconds
When it comes to Fine Arts the best resource out there is Half a Hundred Acre Wood! She has an entire post dedicated to the great artists for weeks 13-18 and with tons of great resources. Be sure to scroll down the page for the artist you want. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Timeline (week 17 starts at 2 minute and 37 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.