The history of Mesoamerica is organized into four periods of history. These four periods are called: pre-Columbian, Classic, Pre-classic, and Post-classic. The pre-Columbian time period refers to the time before Christopher Columbus sailed to the Americas. The Classic time period refers to the flourishing of the Mayan Civilization. Pre-classic is prior to the Classic time period and the Post-classic is after the Classic time period.
The Olmecs were the oldest civilization in Meso-america. They were skilled in architecture and sculpture, and built their temples like pyramids. The Olmecs invented a system of hieroglyphic writing and a rudimentary (basic) calendar. Their major city, La Vente, fell around 350 B.C. probably as a result of conflicts with other tribes.
Who were the Mayans?
The Mayans were a coastal nation who lived along the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. They were composed of about five-dozen kingdoms and city-states. Their culture revolved around ceremony and religion. They are credited for developing a sophisticated calendar, hieroglyphics, and were the first to use the number zero in mathematics. The Mayans probably declined from a combination of drought and wars with other tribes.
Who were the Aztecs?
The Aztecs lived in the inland portions of Mexico. They are compared to the rigid class-based society similar to the Europeans. The Aztecs depended on the bartering system and agricultural abundance. They worshiped many Gods and build enormous pyramids with temples on top. Human sacrifices were part of their religion. The Aztecs ruled most of Mexico until the arrival of Hernan Cortes in 1519.
Other Resources: Story of the World V. 2, Ch. 32, V.1 Ch. 26, pp. 191-193; The Usborne Internet-Linked Encyclopedia of World History p. 179, 180-181, 280-281, 278-279, 297; Everything You Need to Know About World History Homework pp.55-56
What are the four kinds of volcanoes?
Active – Has had an eruption in recent years or is currently showing activity.
Intermittent – Active but on and off
Dormant – An active volcano that is not erupting but is suppose to again
Extinct – Remains (what’s left over) of an old volcano; will not erupt again.
(The end of the video talks about this weeks lesson, but definitely worth watching all the way through!)
How to make your own erupting volcano at home!
Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework pp. 55-58
Area of a Rectangle (starts at 14 seconds)
Helping Verb (week 16 starts at 25 seconds)
Noun Endings 1st Declension
When it comes to Fine Arts the best resource out there is Half a Hundred Acre Wood! She has an entire post dedicated to the great artists for weeks 13-18 and with tons of great resources. Be sure to scroll down the page for the artist you want. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Timeline (week 16 starts at 1 minute and 59 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.