Who were the Kush?
The Kush were one of the earliest African civilizations. They were located in the Nile Valley of northeast Africa, which is modern day Sudan, and ruled from a city on the Nile River called Meroe. The Kush conquered and ruled Egypt from about 750 to 650 B.C. until they were driven out by the Assyrians in the seventh century B.C. They were known for their mining, art, and architecture. The Kush were eventually absorbed into the Axumite Empire of Northern Ethiopia around 350 A.D.
**Kush (Cush) is mentioned in the Bible in Isaiah 11:11. Cush is the name of one of Ham’s sons, found in Genesis 10:6-12.
Who were the Berbers?
The Berbers were Muslim traders who lived on the west coast of North Africa (from west of Egypt to the Atlantic Ocean). They were conquered by the Arabs in the seventh century A.D., became Muslims, and were forced to move inland. The Berbers used the bartering system, and were in high demand as guides on the Trans-Saharan trade routes.
(Below is a BBC documentary on the Berber Kingdom, its very long, much longer than I usually like to post but it was the best one I could find with a lot of great information.)
Why was the Trans-Saharan trading system important?
The Trans-Saharan Trade Routes were important for the economy because the Berbers would bring supplies along the entire Sahara Desert (Mediterranean coast to the Niger River basin and back). These supplies included ivory, gold, spices, animals, and slaves.
Other Resources: Story of the World V. 1 Ch.11 pp.88-90; Everything You Need to Know About World History Homework pp.43-45
Core – Solid. Very center of the earth made up of metal, nickel, and iron.
Mantle – Liquid. Made up of molten (hot, liquid rock).
Crust – Solid. Where we live. 10 miles of rock and loose materials
Hydrosphere – water
Biosphere – Living things
Atmosphere – Air
Other Resources: Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework pp. 46-48
Other resources: Story of the World V.1 Ch.2, 4, 11-14
When it comes to Fine Arts the best resource out there is Half a Hundred Acre Wood! She has an entire post dedicated to the great artists for weeks 13-18 and with tons of great resources. Be sure to scroll down the page for the artist you want. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Timeline (week 13 starts at 5 minute and 46 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.