Muhammad was the founder of Islam; he was considered both a prophet and military leader. He lived from 570 AD to 632 AD and was born in Mecca, modern day Saudi Arabia. Nearly the age of 40, in a cave near Mecca called Hira, Muhammad claimed that he was visited by the archangel Gabriel who declared that he was to be a prophet of God’s and was to reveal God’s Word to the people. Mohammad would later write down all of his revelations in the Qur’an, which is the holy book of Muslims. Mohammad was rejected by the local merchants because his teachings threatened their trade with pilgrims, who would trade with them so that they could take the items to the idol shrines in Mecca. He was forced to flee with his followers in 622 AD from the village of Yathrib, which is modern day Medina, the first Islamic City. Muhammad later returned to conquer Mecca, which is now the holy city for Muslims.
There are five basic tenets of Islam called pillars. These pillars along with sharia law, or Islamic law, was created from Muhammad’s teachings. Islam believes that there is one god, Allah, which is the Arabic word for God, and that Mohammad was the last of the Jewish prophets (Jesus is included as a prophet). These pillars are:
Shahada – is the belief in God and that Mohammad was his prophet.
Salat – ritual of prayers performed five times a day.
Zakat – a tax that accomplished the Muslim mandate to care for the poor.
Sawn – a month of fasting to purify the mind and body of worship; the fasting happens during daylight.
Hajj – is a requirement that an adult must visit Mecca, the holy city, at least once in his/her life.
(I recommend starting the video at 1minute and 57seconds; it is a description from the Islamic point of view)
What are some differences between a Christian and an Islamic worldview? (image source)
What was the Ottoman Empire? (image source)
The Ottoman Empire was founded by Turk Osman and a group of Islamic converts in the late 13th century. Under the leadership of Mehmet II, in 1453 the Ottomans conquered Constantinople, establishing them as a distinguished power in the eastern Mediterranean and southeastern Europe.
The Ottoman Empire began to lose its power starting in the 1700’s due to internal and external fighting and the technological advances in Europe that would force them to westernize in order to stay competitive. However, the empire finally disintegrated after WWI due to their joining the side of Central Powers, Germany and Austria-Hungary. The Ottoman Empire was broken up and the modern state of Turkey was created.
Other Resources: Story of the World V.2 Ch.6, V.2 Ch.24, The Usborne Internet-Linked Encyclopedia of World History pp. 206, 207, 253; Everything You Need to Know About World History Homework pp.40-42
Photosynthesis – Uses the sun’s energy to produce oxygen
Respiration – Breaks down food created during photosynthesis
Transpiration – takes water through the roots and passes it out underneath its leaves
“Photosynthesis” by At09kg – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Photosynthesis.gif#/media/File:Photosynthesis.gif
Other Resources: Everything You Need to Know About Science Homework pp. 28-29
Prepositions (week 12 prepositions start at 45 seconds)
5th Declension starts at 2 minute and 01 seconds
Other resources: Story of the World V.2 Ch.7
Tin Whistle & Music Theory
We’re not doing the tin whistle this year, so I have to turn this part of my post over to a mom who is doing it, and doing it well! I’m so thankful for the amazing resources and wisdom from Half a Hundred Acre Wood. She has an entire post dedicated to the tin whistle for weeks 7-12 and with tons of great resources. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Timeline (week 12 starts at 5 minute and 10 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.