Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity as a result of seeing a cross in the sky and hearing the words “in hoc vinces” which means in this you will conquer. This vision happened in the midst of civil war in 312 when Christianity was a well-organized movement that had suffered repeated persecution from Emperors. Believing that this image was a divine intervention, Constantine legalized a tolerance of all religions with the Edict of Milan in 313 A.D. It is believed that Constantine was baptized and professed Christianity as his faith before his death in 337 A.D.
Justinian’s Code compiled and organized the Roman legal system; it was completed in 534. Included in it was the institution of women’s rights and a greater leniency in the criminal system. Justinian’s Code is the foundation of most current European codes of law. It was created by Emperor Justinian I who took power in 527 A.D. Also during his reign, he reclaimed large amounts of the former Roman Empire.
Basil II’s reign was known as the Golden Age due to the large amounts of gold that was used for furnishings, art, and architecture in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. Basil II ruled form 976 AD to 1025 AD. As a strong military leader for his empire, he restored peace temporarily by pushing back threats from Syria and the Bulgars.
(video below focuses on Basil’s military accomplishments)
The Crusades began due to the Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, and Rome’s quest to regain control of the Middle East and to protect Christian excursions to the Holy Land. This was needed due to the Muslim Empire’s expansion into the Middle East, including Jerusalem, after Mohammad’s death. The Byzantine Empire also suffered a loss of territory between 100 AD and 1200 AD from the Turks and the Normans.
There was a total of 7 Crusades, 8 if the Children’s Crusade is to be included. Although all 8 were very horrific, the first three were the most extensive. The final result of all the crusades was the failure to return the Middle East to Christianity. The Crusades began in 1095 when Pope Urban II asked Crusaders to free Palestine from the Muslim and Turks. The First Crusade was from 1096- 1099, which was a multinational effort that ended successfully in the capture of Jerusalem. The Second Crusade was from 1147-1149 and was unsuccessful in defending the territory won in the First Crusade. Jerusalem was recaptured by the Muslims in 1187 after Prince Saladin of Egypt unified with Muslims. The Third Crusade was from 1189-1192, it was the result of King Richard I of England’s desire to take Jerusalem back. This Crusade is considered to be moderately successful, however, it was not able to drive the Muslims out of Jerusalem. Everyone fighting in the Crusades believed that they were fighting for God’s Will to return the Middle East to a Christian territory.
Other Resources: Story of the World V.1 Ch.39 pp.293-236, V.2 Ch.4 pp.33-38, V.2 Ch.18-20; The Usborne Internet-Linked Encyclopedia of World History pp.193-194, 202-203, 260; Everything You Need To Know About World History Homework pp.38-39
Parts of a flower (image source)
Petal – found inside the sepal, vary in shape and sizes
Stamen – male reproductive organs
Anther – produces pollen which fertilizes the flower seeds
Pistil – female, holds the seeds
Sepal – cover to the forming bud
Other Resources: Everything You Need To Know About Science Homework pp.26,27
Skip count the cubes
Prepositions (week 11 prepositions start at 41 seconds)
5th Declension starts at 2 minute and 01 seconds
Other resources: Story of the World V.2 Ch.4 pp.30-32
Tin Whistle & Music Theory
We’re not doing the tin whistle this year, so I have to turn this part of my post over to a mom who is doing it, and doing it well! I’m so thankful for the amazing resources and wisdom from Half a Hundred Acre Wood. She has an entire post dedicated to the tin whistle for weeks 7-12 and with tons of great resources. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Timeline (week 11 starts at 4 minute and 49 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.