Confucius lived approximately from 551 to 479 B.C. in East Asia. A lot of what is written about Confucius’s life is mixed with legend but we can deduct that he was born to a poor family and was exiled from China for political reasons. He did not return to China until a few years before his death. During his life he was considered a great moral teacher who studied humane behavior and the ethics of human relationships. His name in Chinese is Kong Fuzi. Kong was his family name and Fuzi is a title that means master. Analects are a collection of sayings, personal history, and philosophy; Confucius is assumed to be the fundamental source.
China had become divided into the hands of feudal lords and small, independent states in the later period of the Zhou Dynasty. By the sixth century B.C., security was non existent due to corrupt politicians and a society that was divided by a few rich nobles and peasants. Confucius petitioned that government authority should not be delegated because of heredity but rather based on ability and character.
Taoism was developed between the eighth and fourth centuries B.C. by Chinese philosophers Laozi and Zhuangzi. The name Taoism was given to the teachings during the Han Dynasty around 100 B.C.
Taoism exists in many forms; it is from the word Tao which means a way, path, or guide that will lead to an orderly life. When a person is pursuing Tao, he/she will have the presence of Te, which is virtue or excellence. Virtue is associated with obedience and respect for authority. The ultimate goal of Taoism is to restore unity and peace, sometimes through enforcement of virtue by political means. One of Taoism’s foundational texts is the Tao Te Ching. It is a collection of poems and saying that are believed to have come from Laozi, “The Old Master”.
There are three main religions in China (“Three Religions”, or San Chiao): Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddism. All three teach Tao (the way or order of the universe), however, Taoism developed much earlier during Confucius’s lifetime. At this time, China was marked by intense political disorder and chaos. It is believed that Confucius accepted the idea of a supreme deity, however, he focused on human actions and the pursuit of order through self-discipline and compassion.
Additional info from Michelle (comment below): Buddhism founded around 530 BC and teaches that Braham is the one great spirit.
Taoism believes that at the center of their religion is an impersonal force that is the creator and sustainer of life. It emphasized the human search for knowledge and right behavior. Christians believe in a personal creator who intervenes to sustain and rescue His creation. Lives are changed as a result of a heart changed by God, and not through works of a person.
Other Resources: Story of the World V.1 Ch.33 pp.251-253; The Usborne Internet-Based Encyclopedia of World History p.165; Everything You Need To Know About World History Homework pp.33-35; Mystery of History L.65, 18, 29, 90, 92
Some Parts of a Plant (image source)
Leaves – Have a large surface that is optimal for photosynthesis. They oversee the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen and are designed to collect the sun’s energy.
Stems – The center, called pith, is used for storing food for for the plant. It serves as a basis for new growth, provides support, and transports water and minerals.
Roots – found underground, collect water and nutrients from the soil (or dirt) and send them up through the stem.
Other Resources: Everything You Need To Know About Science Homework pp. 22-23
(sorry this was the best video I could find for the 15’s and it only goes up to 100 🙁 )
Skip count the 15’s
Prepositions (week 9 prepositions start at 35 seconds)
4th Declension starts at 1 minute and 45 seconds
Other resources for Eastern Asia: Story of the World V.2 Ch.9 p.80
Tin Whistle & Music Theory
We’re not doing the tin whistle this year, so I have to turn this part of my post over to a mom who is doing it, and doing it well! I’m so thankful for the amazing resources and wisdom from Half a Hundred Acre Wood. She has an entire post dedicated to the tin whistle for weeks 7-12 and with tons of great resources. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Timeline (week 9 starts at 3 minute and 41 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.