Politically, Imperialism is a belief where a more powerful state or nation dominates a lesser one. Domination could either be through direct rule and/or through strong influence over its economic or political affairs. Between 1830 and 1930, several countries in Europe effectively controlled 84% of the earth. Domination by these countries was achieved partly due to new technologies and medical advances. From 1880 to 1900, The Age of Imperialism was at its height.
Prior to Queen Victoria’s rule over India, India was indirectly ruled by the East India Trading Company due to its monopoly of exports and imports. This all changed in the 1850’s when a group of Indian soldiers, called sepoys, joined the British army and mutinied. Britain became aware that indirect control over India was ineffective due to The Sepoy Rebellion. The East India Trading Company was dissolved in 1858 with The Government of India Act, which also gave the British government full political control over India. Queen Victoria was declared Empress of India in 1876 by Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
India’s fight for independence began in 1920, when the Indian National Congress launched a plan of non-cooperation against British rule. The goal of this plan was to obtain self government or home rule. An example of the non-cooperation is in 1930, when Gandhi led a massive march 93 miles across India. The peaceful protestors collected natural sea salt as a way of rebelling against the crippling British salt tax. It wasn’t until 25 years after the non-cooperation act began that the British empire began to consider India’s independence out of frustration. Britain finally decided to partition (split) India into two countries: Hindu India and Muslim East and West Pakistan at the urging of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. India declared its Independence Day on August 15, 1947.
Mohandas Gandhi is greatly known for his passive resistance leadership against Britain in the Indian home rule movement. Prior to this, he studied law in England in 1888 and upon finishing, he worked in apartheid in South Africa. An apartheid is a legal system that discriminates against colored people. It was here that Gandhi devoted his life to fighting against prejudice. Gandhi returned home in 1915 and began his work supporting the Indian home rule movement by asking the Indians to wear only cloth made in India, to burn British textiles, not to work for the British, and to educate themselves. Between 1922 and 1941 Gandhi was arrested several times for non-cooperation. He was a consistent supporter of a unified India regardless of caste, religion, or ethnicity. After Britain split India, Gandhi continued to to urge peace as religious conflicts was still an issue. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 and died on January 30, 1948 as a result of assassination by a Hindu man who resented his message of peace. During his life, Gandhi was called Mahatma, which means The Great Soul, as a sign of respect.
The meaning of passive resistance comes from the Hindu word satyagraha, which means truth force. The principle of this word calls individuals to resist by standing firm in the knowledge that they are right as opposed to retaliating by using physical force. If a person is beaten, they would not back down nor would they fight back.
Other Resources: Story of the World V. 3 Ch. 11 & 19, V. 4 Ch. 1; Everything You Need To Know About World History Homework pp. 30-32; Kingfisher p. 218, 243, 265, 289, 299, 243, 324, 325, 421
Types of seed plants
There are two main types of seed plants, gymnosperms and angiosperms. Gymnosperms are seeds that are not enclosed in fruit. Angiosperms are seeds from flowering plants that are enclosed in fruit. Seeds contain the genetic material and food to support a new plant.
Monocot – have one seed leaf, such as grains, corn, and oats
Dicot – have two seed leaves, such as bean plants (image source)
Conifer – seeds are held in the cones and have needle like leaves that are replaced continually instead of all falling out at once. Such as pine trees. (image source)
Other Resources: Everything You Need To Know About Science Homework pp. 20-21
Skip count the 14’s
Prepositions (week prepositions start at 32 seconds)
3rd Declension starts at 1 minute and 11 seconds
Other resources for China: Story of the World V. 1 Ch 32 pp. 239-250; The Usborne Internet-Linked Encyclopedia of World History pp. 164-169
Tin Whistle & Music Theory
We’re not doing the tin whistle this year, so I have to turn this part of my post over to a mom who is doing it, and doing it well! I’m so thankful for the amazing resources and wisdom from Half a Hundred Acre Wood. She has an entire post dedicated to the tin whistle for weeks 7-12 and with tons of great resources. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Timeline (week 8 starts at 3 minute and 07 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.