Hinduism is a religious set of beliefs that worship multiple gods and one supreme god, Brahman or Brahma. It originated in the 16th century in the Indus River Valley of India. They believe in reincarnation, which means they believe their soul is reborn in another human or animal body. They also believe in Karma, which weighs the good they’ve done in life with the bad to determine if they will be reborn at a higher or lower level in the next life. Their bible is called Vedas, which means eternal truths, and it instructs them to to live orderly and compliant lives in order to gain a better rebirth. The ultimate goal of their faith is for their soul to be enlightened and liberated, or freed, from the rebirth cycle which will give them oneness with Brahman, which they call moksha.
There are three main gods of the Hindu belief system; Shiva the destroyer, Vishnu the preserver, and Brahma who supports the universe. The name Brahma, which means devotion or prayer, originated from the word Brahman, which means ultimate reality. From Brahman the name took on the masculine form, Brahma, and came to be seen as one of the three main Hindu gods.
What is the caste system? (image source)
The case system divides people into hierarchical groups where placement is inherited from the parents and cannot be changed. The only way to gain a higher place in life was through rebirth. The highest group were the Brahmins, they were the priests and scholars, followed by chetri and kshatriya, who were the rulers and warriors. The next level down were the vaishya, who were the merchants, traders, and artisans. The shudra, or servants, are next and are followed by the untouchables, which included the diseased and those who came in contact with dead bodies. Mother Theresa’s humanitarian work in India was surrounded around the untouchables. She offered aid to those who were considered unworthy of aid according to the caste system.
Who was Siddhartha? (image source)
Siddhartha Guatama, or as he is more commonly known as Buddha, was born into a wealthy family in Nepal in 560 B.C. He was unhappy in his wealthy life and chose to pursue asceticism, which is a simple and self-denying lifestyle. Unable to find happiness living this lifestyle he pursued meditation, through which he became “enlightened”. The name Buddha was given to him after this event because it means, he whose aim is accomplished. He spent the rest of his life teaching “enlightenment” to others until his death in 480 B.C.
Buddhists – do not believe that man has a soul. Afterlife for them is a state of nothingness.
Hindus – believe in multiple gods and the soul is continually reborn until it becomes one with Brahman through spiritual perfection.
Christians – believe in one God and one life on earth that is followed by judgement and eternity in heaven or hell. Heb. 9:27
Other Resources: Story of the World V. 1 Ch. 30 pp.222-232; The Usborne Internet-Linked Encyclopedia of World History p. 174, 264-266, 300-301; Everything You Need to Know About World History Homework pp.22-25; Kingfisher p. 14-15, 33, 57, 78-79, 90-91, 51, 57, 49-51, 78-79; Mystery of History L. 40, 63, 88, V.2 L.15
How do animals reproduce?
The two types of reproduction are sexual and asexual. Sexual reproduction must have two parents, a mom and a dad, and will produce offspring that have genetic characteristics of both parents. This type of reproduction lead to:
Live birth – the baby is born from the Mommy’s body (image source)
Eggs – the young are cocooned in a shell outside of the mother until birth (image source)
There is only one parent in asexual reproduction and the offspring have the same exact genes as the parent. This type of reproduction is achieved by:
Fragmentation – the parent organism breaks into individual pieces and each piece becomes an adult. (image source)
Other Resources: Everything You Need To Know About Science Homework pp. 18-19
Skip count the 13’s
Prepositions (week 7 prepositions start at 27 seconds)
3rd Declension starts at 1 minute and 11 seconds
Other resources for the Indus River: Story of the World V.1 Ch. 30 pp. 222-238; The Usborne Internet-Linked Encyclopedia of World History pp. 118-119
Tin Whistle & Music Theory
We’re not doing the tin whistle this year, so I have to turn this part of my post over to a mom who is doing it, and doing it well! I’m so thankful for the amazing resources and wisdom from Half a Hundred Acre Wood. She has an entire post dedicated to the tin whistle for weeks 7-12 and with tons of great resources. Click here to be taken there! 🙂
Timeline (week 7 starts at 2 minute and 33 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.