The Greek and Roman culture were polytheists, which means they believed in many gods. The Roman gods were derived from the Greek gods. The Romans revered their emperor as a god, as well as had a household god, gods of the city, and gods of the nation. The Bible itself lists several foreign gods and warns Israel against naming them and lists times when Israel has worshiped them. (Acts 14:17, Acts 17:22, Judges 10:6, 1 Samuel 12:10, Exodus 23:13) As Christians, knowing about the religious background of the Greeks and Romans helps us to better understand their culture.
Who were some of the Greek gods?
Zeus – the supreme ruler of the Greek gods on Mt. Olympus. He was the god of justice, and has power over the weather, specifically thunder.
Hera – wife of Zeus, she was the goddess of marriage and birth.
Ares – son of Zeus & Hera, he was the god of war and violence.
Aphrodite – goddess of love and beauty.
Artemis – goddess of the hunt, also associated with the moon.
Hermes – son of Zeus, god of agriculture, the arts, and industry. This included shepherds, merchants, and literature. He was also the messenger for the other gods.
Who were some of the Roman gods?
Jupiter – comparable to Zeus, god of light, sky, and the state.
Juno – comparable to Hera, Jupiter’s wife, the patroness of Rome.
Mars – comparable to Ares, god of war and military conquest.
Venus – comparable to Aphrodite, originally was the goddess of gardens and vineyards, but later became the goddess of love and beauty.
Diana – comparable to Artemis, goddess of nature and childbearing. She was pictured as a hunter.
Mercury – comparable to Hermes, was the messenger of the gods, and the god of trade and travel. He was also depicted as having winged sandals.
The Greeks envisioned their gods as having human characteristics; they were jealous, lovers, and took sides in the wars of men. The Roman gods were greatly influenced by Greek mythology, however, they believed that their religion was a trade-off: service, sacrifices and offerings, in exchange for good fortune. Roman gods represented abstract qualities: like beauty, justice, or courage.
Other Resources: Greek gods, Story of the World V.1 ch.18 pp.131-135 & V.1 ch.23 pp.169-172; Roman gods, Story of the World V.1 ch.27 pp.198-204 & V.1 ch.28 pp.205-207; Everything You Need to Know About World History Homework: p.17 & p.23; Mystery of History Lessons 12, 25, 39, 49, 80-81, 41, 60, 71-77, 83, 85-87; Kingfisher pp.16-17, 38, 52-55, 56
Science image source
Cell Membrane – surrounds and protects the cell
Cytoplasm – fills the membrane, with a jelly like substance, and supports the organelles and the nucleus
Nucleus – stores the DNA, the cell’s genetic information
Vacuoles – storage container of the cell, some store food while others store waste products
Mitochondria – convers sugars into ATP energy. ATP = adenosine triphosphate
Golgi Bodies – prepare proteins and carbohydrates to be transported from the cell
Cute video on the parts of an animal cell. Just a warning it does not include the vacuole, to be honest I could not find a video that included it; please let me know if you know of one!
Other Resources: Everything You Need To Know About Science Homework p.13
Skip count the 5’s
Skip count the 6’s
Prepositions (week 3 prepositions start at 11 seconds)
Other resources for the Hebrew Empire: Story of the World V.1 ch.14 pp.103-109 & V.1 ch.38 pp.285-287; The Usborne Internet-Linked Encyclopedia of World History pp.142-143
Drawing upside down helps you develop your ability to recognize shapes and lines in a picture and to draw what you see, not what you think you see.
Click here to be taken to halfahundredacrewood.com for a great explanation of upside down drawing. Scroll down to week 3 on her page!
Here is another great resource from scholastic on upside down drawing.
Timeline (week 3 starts at 52 seconds)
Click here for a great correlating booklist created by halfahundredacrewood.com. The list is broken down for each CC subject.
Click here for another great reading list created by livingouthislove.com.